Arts, Crafts & Textiles in India
Art refers to human creation that is appealing to the finer senses of the individual; while a craft is a skill, especially involving performing arts. When it comes to India, there is an abundance of both. Arts and crafts in India, as everywhere else, define the cultural layers of the country, community, and race. India is famously a multicultural nation, and thus it has a huge variety of different traditions. Each corner of the subcontinents has an abundance of varied arts and crafts. When we talk about means of expressions, terracotta is one of the most popular options among Indian artisans. The use of terracotta began about 5000 years ago and the many pieces are a testimony of excellent craftsmanship. Jute is another important material used to create artistic items in India. It is possible to find jute's products in every Indian house, from potholders to mobile holders, from low stools to little dolls. It is a material that is able to define both aristocracy and ethnicity.
India has been well known for textile since very ancient times. The origin of Indian textiles can be traced to the Indus valley civilization as early as 5th millennium BC. The people of that civilization used homespun cotton for weaving their garments and used indigo to color their fabric. Textile has always played an important in trade and business here in India. Rome, China and Egypt everywhere traces have been found of Indian textiles. Still we can say India is textile hub and it has thousands of clusters which beautifully weave and give is the most beautiful fabrics which mesmerize our eyes. India was one of the first countries in the world to start producing textiles, and such product was so central to its culture that in ancient Greece the word "India" indicated "cotton". Between the 17th and 18th centuries, the Coromandel Coast was one of the main producers and exporters of cotton textiles to Western Europe. Soon these textiles became fashionable and were widely seen in European homes.
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